From 1 mayshe was given the additional title of Empress of India.
Her death in precipitated a succession crisis that brought pressure on the Duke of Kent and his unmarried brothers to marry and have children.
In he married Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfelda widowed German princess with two children— Carl — and Feodora — —by her first marriage to the Prince of Leiningen.
Her brother Leopold was Princess Charlotte's widower. The Duke and Duchess of Kent's only child, Victoria, was born at 4. Additional names proposed by her parents—Georgina or GeorgianaCharlotte, and Augusta—were dropped on the instructions of Kent's eldest brother, George, the Prince Regent.
The Duke of Clarence and the Duke of Kent married on the same day inbut both of Clarence's legitimate daughters born in and died as infants. Victoria's father died in Januarywhen Victoria was less than a year old.
The Duke of York died in The Regency Act made special provision for Victoria's mother to act as regent in case William died while Victoria was still a minor. To the King's annoyance, Victoria was enthusiastically welcomed in each of the stops. Leopold arranged for Victoria's mother to invite her Coburg relatives to visit her in Maywith the purpose of introducing Victoria to Albert.
After the visit she wrote, "[Albert] is extremely handsome; his hair is about the same colour as mine; his eyes are large and blue, and he has a beautiful nose and a very sweet mouth with fine teeth; but the charm of his countenance is his expression, which is most delightful.
He possesses every quality that could be desired to render me perfectly happy. He is so sensible, so kind, and so good, and so amiable too.
He has besides the most pleasing and delightful exterior and appearance you can possibly see. The parties did not undertake a formal engagement, but assumed that the match would take place in due time. Engraving after painting by Henry Tanworth WellsVictoria turned 18 on 24 Mayand a regency was avoided.
I got out of bed and went into my sitting-room only in my dressing gown and alone, and saw them. Lord Conyngham then acquainted me that my poor Uncle, the King, was no more, and had expired at 12 minutes past 2 this morning, and consequently that I am Queen.
While Victoria inherited all the British Dominionsher father's younger brother, her unpopular uncle the Duke of Cumberlandbecame King of Hanover.
He was her heir presumptive while she was childless. The Prime Minister at once became a powerful influence on the politically inexperienced Queen, who relied on him for advice. Overvisitors came to London for the celebrations.
Financially prudent, she paid off her father's debts. The bill removed political power from plantation owners who were resisting measures associated with the abolition of slavery.
At the time, it was customary for the prime minister to appoint members of the Royal Householdwho were usually his political allies and their spouses. Many of the Queen's ladies of the bedchamber were wives of Whigs, and Peel expected to replace them with wives of Tories.
In what became known as the bedchamber crisisVictoria, advised by Melbourne, objected to their removal. Peel refused to govern under the restrictions imposed by the Queen, and consequently resigned his commission, allowing Melbourne to return to office.
Wedding of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Wedding dress of Queen Victoria Marriage of Victoria and Albert, painted by George Hayter Though Victoria was now queen, as an unmarried young woman she was required by social convention to live with her mother, despite their differences over the Kensington System and her mother's continued reliance on Conroy.
Albert and Victoria felt mutual affection and the Queen proposed to him on 15 Octoberjust five days after he had arrived at Windsor. She spent the evening after their wedding lying down with a headache, but wrote ecstatically in her diary: This was the happiest day of my life!
Oxford fired twice, but either both bullets missed or, as he later claimed, the guns had no shot. The Queen hated being pregnant,  viewed breast-feeding with disgust,  and thought newborn babies were ugly.
Victoria's household was largely run by her childhood governess, Baroness Louise Lehzen from Hanover. Lehzen had been a formative influence on Victoria  and had supported her against the Kensington System.
After a furious row between Victoria and Albert over the issue, Lehzen was pensioned off inand Victoria's close relationship with her ended. The assailant escaped; however the following day, Victoria drove the same route, though faster and with a greater escort, in a deliberate attempt to provoke Francis to take a second aim and catch him in the act.
As expected, Francis shot at her, but he was seized by plainclothes policemen, and convicted of high treason. On 3 July, two days after Francis's death sentence was commuted to transportation for lifeJohn William Bean also tried to fire a pistol at the Queen, but it was loaded only with paper and tobacco and had too little charge.
Bean was sentenced to 18 months in jail. As Victoria was riding in a carriage, Pate struck her with his cane, crushing her bonnet and bruising her forehead. Both Hamilton and Pate were sentenced to seven years' transportation. Peel became prime minister, and the ladies of the bedchamber most associated with the Whigs were replaced.Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain is the longest-reigning monarch in British history.
Did You Know? Queen Elizabeth and her husband Prince Philip are distant cousins. Did You Know? Queen. Victoria: Queen Victoria, queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (–) and empress of India (–), who gave her name to an era, the Victorian Age.
During her reign with her husband, Prince Consort Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the British monarchy took on its modern ceremonial character. Queen Victoria was queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from to —the second longest reign of any other British monarch in history.
Queen Victoria served as queen . Queen Victoria i was the queen of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June to 22 January From 1 may , she was given the additional title of Empress of India.
Victoria, in full Alexandrina Victoria, (born May 24, , Kensington Palace, London, England—died January 22, , Osborne, near Cowes, Isle of Wight), queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (–) and empress of India (–).
She was the last of the house of Hanover and gave her name to an era, the Victorian Age. Queen Victoria i was the queen of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June to 22 January From 1 may , she was given the additional title of Empress of India.