He saw himself as a hero of working people, yet he crushed their unions. One of the most successful entrepreneurs of his age, he railed against privilege. A generous philanthropist, he slashed the wages of the workers who made him rich. One of the captains of industry of 19th century America, Andrew Carnegie helped build the formidable American steel industry, a process that turned a poor young man into the richest man in the world.
His experience in the American labor movement later led him to socialism. Ina New York paper asked Debs how he became a socialist. This is his answer. I rode on the engines over mountain and plain, slept in the cabooses and bunks, and was fed from their pails by the swarthy stokers who still nestle close to my heart, and will until it is cold and still.
Through all these years I was nourished at Fountain Proletaire. I drank deeply of its waters and every particle of my tissue became saturated with the spirit of the working class. I had fired an engine and been stung by the exposure and hardship of the rail.
How could I but feel the burden of their wrongs? How the seed of agitation fail to take deep root in my heart? Up to this time I had heard but little of Socialism, knew practically nothing about the movement, and what little I did know was not calculated to impress me in its favor.
I was bent on thorough and complete organization of the railroad men and ultimately the whole working class, and all my time and energy were given to that end.
My supreme conviction was that if they were only organized in every branch of the service and all acted together in concert they could redress their wrongs and regulate the conditions of their employment. The stockholders of the corporation acted as one, why not the men?
It was such a plain proposition—simply to follow the example set before their eyes by their masters—surely they could not fail to see it, act as one, and solve the problem. It is useless to say that I had yet to learn the workings of the capitalist system, the resources of its masters and the weakness of its slaves.
But perhaps it was better so. The skirmish lines of the A. A series of small battles were fought and won without the loss of a man. A number of concessions were made by the corporations rather than risk an encounter.
Then came the fight on the Great Northern, short sharp, and decisive. The victory was complete—the only railroad strike of magnitude ever won by an organization in America.
Next followed the final shock—the Pullman strike—and the American Railway Union again won, clear and complete. The combined corporations were paralyzed and helpless.
At this juncture there were delivered, from wholly unexpected quarters, a swift succession of blows that blinded me for an instant and then opened wide my eyes—and in the gleam of every bayonet and the flash of every rifle the class struggle was revealed.
This was my first practical lesson in Socialism, though wholly unaware that it was called by that name. Books and pamphlets and letters from socialists came by every mail and I began to read and think and dissect the anatomy of the system in which workingmen, however organized, could be shattered and battered and splintered at a single stroke.
The writings of Bellamy and Blanchford early appealed to me.Compare and contrast the attitudes of THREE of the following toward the wealth that was created in the United States during the late nineteenth century.
A strike in led to a three year contract in favor of the steelworkers, but Andrew Carnegie was determined to shatter the union. The manager, Henry Clay Frick, increased production. The union, displeased with Frick's demands, didn't accept the new conditions. In the midst of the recession, a socialist organizer named Eugene Debs began mobilizing workers. In , Debs organized a large group of employees of the Pullman railway company to go on strike. In , Debs organized a large group of employees of the Pullman railway company to go on strike. Information archive of Eugene V. Debs writings, speeches, letters, with photographs, sounds and film. Eugene V. Debs Andrew Carnegie is a type of the capitalist class. He owns the tools with which steel is produced. you are bound to join the industrial workers, and become a missionary in the field of industrial unionism. You will then.
Andrew Carnegie Eugene V. Debs. EUGENE V. DEBS Trade Unionist, Socialist, Revolutionary Eugene Debs was a man who had a vision-a vision that life on this planet could Andrew Carnegie, that noble philanthropist, and in city after city he saw the festering tenement shacks where millions were.
is and in to a was not you i of it the be he his but for are this that by on at they with which she or from had we will have an what been one if would who has her. Compare and contrast the vertical and horizontal integration strategies of business combination.
Which approaches did Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller use initially? The Rise of Industrial America, Andrew Carnegie Thomas Edison J.P. Morgan John D. Rockefeller Swift and Armour Cornelius Vanderbilt Eugene Debs Haymarket Affair Pullman Strike Coal Creek Labor Saga [Anderson Co.].
compare and contrast. log in × scroll to top. Home; An Analysis of Andrew Carnegie, Eugene V. Debs and Horatio Alger's Views on the Redistribution of Wealth in the United States PAGES 1.
WORDS View Full Essay. More essays like this: Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University.