It was not well taken by the critics and the term Impressionist was coined in a satirical review by Louis Leroy in which he went to the extent of saying: The subject of the painting is the harbour of Le Havre in France. It is noted for very loose brushstrokes that suggest rather than define it. Monet uses colour as the main factor to capture the very essence of the scene.
Quotes "A picture is something that requires as much trickery, malice, and vice as the perpetration of crime. I show them without their coquetry.
That is a transformation in which imagination collaborates with memory. In art nothing must resemble an accident, not even movement. What I do is the result of reflection and study of the great masters. When you always make your meaning perfectly plain you end up boring people.
He shared many of their novel techniques, was intrigued by the challenge of capturing effects of light and attracted to scenes of urban leisure.
But Degas's academic training, and his own personal predilection toward Realism, set him apart from his peers, and he rejected the label 'Impressionist' preferring to describe himself as an 'Independent.
He was intrigued by the human figure, and in his many images of women - dancers, singers, and laundresses - he strove to capture the body in unusual positions. While critics of the Impressionists focused their attacks on their formal innovations, it was Degas's lower-class subjects that brought him the most disapproval.
Key Ideas Degas's enduring interest in the human figure was shaped by his academic training, but he approached it in innovative ways.
He captured strange postures from unusual angles under artificial light. He rejected the academic ideal of the mythical or historical subject, and instead sought his figures in modern situations, such as at the ballet.
Degas's academic training encouraged a strong classical tendency in his art, which conflicted with the approach of the Impressionists. While he valued line as a means to describe contours and to lend solid compositional structure to a picture, they favored color, and more concentration on surface texture.
As well, he preferred to work from sketches and memory in the traditional academic manner, while they were more interested in painting outdoors en plein air. Like many of the Impressionists, Degas was significantly influenced by Ukiyo-e Japanese prints, which suggested novel approaches to composition.
The prints had bold linear designs and a sense of flatness that was very different from the traditional Western picture with its perspective view of the world. There is a very interesting and puzzling dichotomy in the way Degas approached his female subjects. There is much evidence that he was a misogynist, and also, much to prove that he was enamored with the female form that he attempted to represent it in its most absolute state through hundreds of painstaking studies.
Whatever the reality may be, his studies and output furthered the exploration of the figure and the portrait in all of the visual arts. Edgar later changed his surname to the less aristocratic sounding 'Degas' in Born into a wealthy Franco-Italian family, he was encouraged from an early age to pursue the arts, though not as a long-term career.
Following his graduation in with a baccalaureate in literature, the eighteen-year-old Degas registered at the Louvre as a copyist, which he claimed later in life is the foundation for any true artist.Caillebotte painted some works in a style often more realistic than that of his Impressionist friends.
The painter will illustrate himself particularly in views of Paris streets made from high balconies, in scenes of working life, natural landscapes of gardens and parks, and in nautical scenes (on the Seine in Argenteuil and Yerres).
They also painted realistic scenes of modern life, and often painted outdoors.
Gustave Caillebotte, Paris Street; Rainy Day, , and Giuseppe De Nittis, an Italian artist living in Paris who participated in the first Impressionist exhibit at the invitation of Degas, . An history of the Impressionist Movement and biographies of the greatest painters of Impressionism: Manet, Pissarro, Degas, Monet, Renoir, Sisley, Bazille, Caillebotte, Cézanne, Guillaumin, Gauguin, Van Gogh.
and to constitute the esthetic achievement of an artistic creation related to realistic representation. THE FIRST IMPRESSIONIST. Caillebotte, not exactly an Impressionist, nevertheless shared his contemporaries’ obsession with painting modern life.
That obsession was made manifest not through any great experiment in pictorial style, but via a cool and insistent gaze on the streets, the bridges, and the anonymous passersby in the capital of the 19th Century.
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Oct 15, · The word 'impressionniste' was first used to describe Claude Monet and his group of artists when the word appeared in the Paris art publication the Charivari on April 25, These characteristics of impression can be well observed in the works of art by Gustave Caillebotte, Edgar Degas and Edouard Manet in their paintings Paris: A ainy.