A study of cannibalism in aboriginal communities

Eclipsed moon to turn blood red in morning sky, ABC News, 15 Jun Australian Aboriginal accounts of lunar and solar eclipses indicate many traditional communities understood the movement of the Sun, Earth and Moon. According to Hamacher, Aboriginal Australians were careful observers of the night sky, possessing a complex understanding of the motions of astronomical bodies and their correlation with terrestrial events.

A study of cannibalism in aboriginal communities

In finds belonging to the Paleolithic Period, pieces of human bodies as well as the bones of other animals are found scattered throughout the archaeological layers and are sometimes broken or charred.

This is often taken as evidence for cannibalism, but other interpretations are… Though many early accounts of cannibalism probably were exaggerated or in error, the practice prevailed until modern times in parts of West and Central Africa, Melanesia especially FijiNew GuineaAustraliaamong the Maoris of New Zealandin some of the islands of Polynesia, among tribes of Sumatraand in various tribes of North and South America.

In some regions human flesh was looked upon as a form of food, sometimes equated with animal food, as is indicated in the Melanesian pidgin term long pig. Victorious Maoris often cut up the bodies of the dead after a battle and feasted on the flesh, and the Batak of Sumatra were reported to have sold human flesh in the markets before they came under full control by the Dutch.

In other cases the consumption of particular portions or organs was a ritual means by which certain qualities of the person eaten might be obtained or by which powers of witchcraft or sorcery might be employed.

A study of cannibalism in aboriginal communities

Ritual murder and cannibalism in Africa were often related to sorcery. Headhunters and others often consumed bits of the bodies or heads of deceased enemies as a means of absorbing their vitality or other qualities and reducing their powers of revenge see also headhunting.

The Aztecs apparently practiced cannibalism on a large scale as part of the ritual religious sacrifice of war captives and other victims. In some cases, the body of a dead person was ritually eaten by his relatives, a form called endocannibalism. Some Aboriginal Australians performed such practices as acts of respect.

In other cases, ritual cannibalism occurred as a part of the drama of secret societies. There is no one satisfactory and all-inclusive explanation for cannibalism.

Different peoples have practiced it for different reasons, and a group may practice cannibalism in one context and view it with horror in another.

In any case, the spread of modernization usually results in the prohibition of such practices. In modern society cannibalism does occasionally occur as the result of extreme physical necessity in isolated surroundings.

A study of cannibalism in aboriginal communities

Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Cannibalism, also called anthropophagy, eating of human flesh by humans.

The term is derived from the Spanish name (Caríbales, or Caníbales) for the Carib, a West Indies tribe well known for its practice of cannibalism.

Aboriginal - Encyclopedia Dramatica

Remote controlled waste: research study of waste in remote aboriginal communities in Central Australia for the Northern Territory Dept. of Health and Community . Indigenous communities in NSW: a pilot study in Bourke and Lightning Ridge COMMUNITY REPORT NOVEMBER By Alison Vivian and Eloise Schnierer Research Unit Jumbunna Indigenous House of Learning on crime rates being higher in some Aboriginal communities and lower in others.

Methods. A survey questionnaire taking an ecological approach and based on the principals and constructs of the TPB was developed.

Surveys were completed in six discrete Aboriginal communities immediately before and on completion of four weeks intensive televising of the three new commercials. Just as importantly, because of the largely oral traditions of Indigenous communities in Australia, there are comparatively few accounts of traditional games by, or attributed to, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (Howell ).

A Canada-wide survey of Aboriginal Canadians who reside in rural/remote communities commissioned by PR Associates has revealed only 38 percent have a favourable perception of the mining and.

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