An analysis of the concepts and issues of love in the human nature and humanism

Morality Without God Pages: In the end, through Frankenstein, Shelley concludes that moral and spiritual development can best be attained through the shedding of dogmatic belief structures, resulting in the elimination of God towards the attainment of self-realization.

An analysis of the concepts and issues of love in the human nature and humanism

Existentialism, true to its roots in Kierkegaard and Nietzsche, was oriented toward two major themes: Thus, its chief theoretical energies were devoted to ontology and decision.

Nature of existentialist thought and manner According to existentialism: With respect to the first point, that existence is particular, existentialism is opposed to any doctrine that views human beings as the manifestation of an absolute or of an infinite substance.

It is thus opposed to most forms of idealismsuch as those that stress ConsciousnessSpirit, Reason, Idea, or Oversoul. Second, it is opposed to any doctrine that sees in human beings some given and complete reality that must be resolved into its elements in order to be known or contemplated.

It is thus opposed to any form of objectivism or scientismsince those approaches stress the crass reality of external fact.

HOW DO HUMANISTS FIND MEANING, PURPOSE, VALUES, AND MORALS IN LIFE

Third, existentialism is opposed to any form of necessitarianism; for existence is constituted by possibilities from among which the individual may choose and through which he can project himself. And, finally, with respect to the fourth point, existentialism is opposed to any solipsism holding that I alone exist or any epistemological idealism holding that the objects of knowledge are mentalbecause existence, which is the relationship with other beings, always extends beyond itself, toward the being of those entities; it is, so to speak, transcendence.

An analysis of the concepts and issues of love in the human nature and humanism

Starting from such bases, existentialism can take diverse and contrasting directions. It can insist on the transcendence of Being with respect to existence, and, by holding that transcendence to be the origin or foundation of existence, it can thus assume a theistic form.

On the other hand, it can hold that human existence, posing itself as a problem, projects itself with absolute freedom, creating itself by itself, thus assuming to itself the function of God.

As such, existentialism presents itself as a radical atheism. Or it may insist on the finitude of human existence—i. As such, existentialism presents itself as a humanism.

From on, with the diffusion of existentialism through continental Europe, its directions developed in keeping with the diversity of the interests to which they were subject: That diversity was rooted, at least in part, in the diversity of sources on which existentialism draws.

One such source is the subjectivism of the 4th—5th-century theologian St. Augustinewho exhorted others not to go outside themselves in the quest for truthfor it is within them that truth abides.

An analysis of the concepts and issues of love in the human nature and humanism

Still another source is the nihilism of the Russian author Fyodor Dostoyevskywho, in his novels, presented human beings as continually defeated as a result of their choices and as continually placed before the insoluble enigma of themselves. As a consequence of the diversity of such sources, existentialist doctrines focus on several aspects of existence.

SparkNotes: Personality: Humanistic Theories

They focus, first, on the problematic character of the human situation, through which the individual is continually confronted with diverse possibilities or alternativesamong which he may choose and on the basis of which he can project his life. Third, the doctrines focus on the intersubjectivity that is inherent in existence and is understood either as a personal relationship between two individuals, I and thousuch that the thou may be another person or God, or as an impersonal relationship between the anonymous mass and the individual self deprived of any authentic communication with others.Start studying Humanism Terms.

Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. How do Existentialists view human nature? Basically Good. How do Humanists view human nature? your parents want you to be a doctor. You don't have to sit down and have them say they will love you less as a musician or more as.

Human ethics can only be the product of human thought; there is no God or Nature's God or Providence or Gaia that will give us ethics. Nevertheless, the study of nature by scientific methods can and should inform all ethical inquiry. Postmodern critics who are self-described anti-humanists, such as Jean-François Lyotard and Michel Foucault, have asserted that humanism posits an overarching and excessively abstract notion of humanity or universal human nature, which can then be used as a pretext for imperialism and domination of those deemed somehow less than human.

human nature is inherently good and they blame abnormal / aggressive behavior caused by the society but. Factor Analysis, The Nature of Personality ; FACTOR ANALYTIC TRAIT THEORY:The Specification Equation, Research Methods PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY: NEW DIRECTIONS IN THE DISCIPLINE. A theory of human nature must consider from the start whether it sees human beings in fundamentally biological terms, as animals like other animals, or else in fundamentally supernatural terms, as creatures of God who are like God in some. View of Human Nature Deterministic - Behavior is determined by unconscious motivations that • Dream analysis The therapist may ask clients to free associate to some aspect of the content of a dream for the purpose of uncovering the latent meaning. The therapist goals and basic concepts. Focus Feelings and Cognition Strengths.

The behaviorist observation of verbal behavior emphasizes the functional nature of language and the continuation of rule ascendancy in human behavior. The major concepts and theories within the school of behaviorism include cognitive psychology, constructivism, social constructivism, experimental learning, multiple intelligence, and situated.

Humanism is a philosophical and ethical stance that emphasizes the value and agency of human beings, individually and collectively, and generally prefers critical thinking and evidence (rationalism and empiricism) over acceptance of dogma or ashio-midori.com meaning of the term humanism has fluctuated according to the successive intellectual movements which have identified with it.

Humanism rejected comparative psychology (the study of animals) because it does not tell us anything about the unique properties of human beings: Humanism views human beings as fundamentally different from other animals, mainly because humans are conscious beings capable of .

Core Principles of Humanism