Many young people and older people too. The spectrum of human capability, and the potential to be valued and productive in life, are much broader than this, which are central aspects of multiple intelligence theory. Encouraging people to think beyond traditional academic measures of value and talent is a vital early step to enabling better self-esteem and bigger personal belief, confidence and aspiration. Is this test scientifically validated or normed?.
By Eve Herndon on February 6, What are multiple intelligences and how do they affect learning? Over the past few decades, research in the field of learning has led to the discovery of the Theory of Multiple Intelligences.
In short, this theory states that each person has different ways of learning and different intelligences they use in their daily lives. While some can learn very well in a linguistically-based environment reading and writingothers are better taught through mathematical-logic based learning.
Still others benefit most from body-kinesthetic intelligence learning by doing with the hands.
Each person possesses each intelligence to an extent, but there is always a primary, or more dominant, intelligence. The work on multiple intelligences began in the early s with Howard Gardner, and the research continues. According to Gardner, this theory, which emerged from cognitive research"documents the extent to which students possess different kinds of minds and therefore learn, remember, perform, and understand in different ways.
Where individuals differ is in the strength of these intelligences and the ways in which such intelligences are invoked and combined to carry out different tasks, solve diverse problems and progress in various domains.
Morgan's research indicated that differentiated instruction benefits all students, but must be presented by well-prepared, experience and knowledgeable teachers.
This diversity, according to Gardner, should impact the way people are educated. He stated that these differences "challenge an educational system that assumes that everyone can learn the same materials in the same way and that a uniform, universal measure suffices to test student learning.
By not embracing multiple methods of teaching based on different intelligences, students often left school feeling "under-valued. Students learn in ways that are identifiably distinctive. The broad spectrum of students—and perhaps the society as a whole—would be better served if disciplines could be presented in a number of ways and learning could be assessed through a variety of means.
They determined that MI-based learning is more effective in terms of student achievement levels and their attitudes toward learning. Their research supports Gardner's assertion that MI-based learning will serve students well. The 9 Multiple Intelligences Gardner claims that all human beings have multiple intelligences.
These multiple intelligences can be nurtured and strengthened or ignored and weakened. His research from identified seven intelligences; in the intervening time, he has come to believe there are a total of nine intelligences: Well-developed verbal skills and sensitivity to the sounds, meanings and rhythms of words.
The ability to think conceptually and abstractly, and the capacity to discern logical or numerical patterns.
The ability to produce and appreciate rhythm, pitch and timbre. The capacity to think in images and pictures, to visualize accurately and abstractly.
The ability to control one's body movements and to handle objects skillfully.
The capacity to detect and respond appropriately to the moods, motivations and desires of others. The capacity to be self-aware and in tune with inner feelings, values, beliefs and thinking processes. The ability to recognize and categorize plants, animals and other objects in nature.
The sensitivity and capacity to tackle deep questions about human existence, such as the meaning of life, why we die and how we got here. While all people possess some level of each intelligence, most will experience more dominant intelligences which impact the way they learn and interact with the world around them.
Multiple Intelligences and Learning Styles Some may find it an impossible task to teach to all learning styles. However, teachers are using multimedia, so it is becoming easier. As teachers begin to understand learning styles more effectively, it is clear why multimedia is good for all learners and why a variety of media is more effective.
Multimedia inherently speaks to the different types of learning preferences that one person has and has the potential to impart knowledge to a diverse class or group.
There are specific modes of multimedia and instruction techniques, which include the following: Visual media help students acquire concrete concepts, such as object identification, spatial relationship or motor skills. While the printed word is the most common method of dispensing information, some argue that audio is superior.
Sound media offer a stimulus for sound recognition or recall. Audio narration is a useful tool for students who struggle with reading. Motion depicts human performance so that learners can copy the movement. This kinesthetic method can be essential for understanding some subject matter.Howard Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences Human potential can be tied to one’s preferences to learning; thus, Gardner’s focus on human potential lies in the fact that people have a unique blend of HOWARD GARDNER’S THEORY OF MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES Page | 2.
Northern Illinois University, Faculty Development and Instructional Design Center [email protected], ashio-midori.com, Howard Gardner’s Theory of.
Learning-styles theory was endorsed by 93 percent of the public and 76 percent of educators. Data regarding other neuro myths (common misperceptions about learning or the brain) are shown in the. Editor’s Note: The multiple intelligences quiz will be removed from Edutopia on December 17, While the test is a useful tool to explore different ways in which intelligence can be understood, research calls into question whether the results are being interpreted and used appropriately.
We share evidence and practitioner-based learning strategies that empower you to improve K education. For more information about the theory of Multiple Intelligences, Multiple Intelligences: What Does the Research Say?
You may also want to watch an interview with Howard Gardner: Big Thinkers: Howard Gardner on Multiple Intelligences. Howard Gardner, a graduate of Harvard University and a developmental psychologist, developed the theory of Multiple Intelligences in Gardner believes that intelligence, the way it has traditionally been understood (logically, as with I.Q.
tests), does not explain the wide variety of human abilities.