Major HBR cases concerns on a whole industry, a whole organization or some part of organization; profitable or non-profitable organizations. To make a detailed case analysis, student should follow these steps: Case study method guide is provided to students which determine the aspects of problem needed to be considered while analyzing a case study. It is very important to have a thorough reading and understanding of guidelines provided.
Through this behavior arise personal values, familial values, cultural values, intellectual values, religious values, aesthetic values, architectural values, gastronomic values-the list is endless. Human existence is value-laden. Ethics studies moral and ethical values.
What distinguishes ethics and other disciplines, such as religion or the social sciences, that might also examine morals or moral codes is that, as a philosophical discipline, ethics relies upon the same analytic procedures as other philosophical disciplines.
Where religion relies upon scriptural authorities and the social sciences upon description and observation, ethics questions, probes, argues, analyzes and evaluates.
As with most philosophical issues and problems, however, there are no universal solutions i. As a philosophical discipline, ethics is divisible into theoretical and practical ethics.
Metaethics then focuses on and analyzes moral language. Common metaethical questions include: Since the focus in metaethics is on language and under what conditions ethical statements can be true or false, metaethical theories propose no claims about what particular actions are good, right or moral.
Metaethics provides no practical guidance in moral or ethical matters. As an illustration consider the claim that what is moral is whatever produces happiness. Non-Cognitivist theories are metaethical theories that argue against the claim that ethical terms are informative and rest to certain facts about the universe Analysis of ethics and values human nature, i.
The ultimate purpose then is to devise a ethical code that provides reasonable and reliable guidelines to assess moral situations and determine correct moral behavior.
To this end most normative ethical theories appeal to moral principles that are universal i. The questions that normative ethical theories consider include: Is it ever moral to lie? Are there absolute moral obligations? Are promises moral duties?
The principal divisions within normative ethics are teleological ethical theories, deontological ethical theories, and relativistic ethical theories.
Teleological theories base their moral evaluations and principles upon the actual or possible consequences that actions produce, while deontological theories focus on moral duties and the intentions that motivate an action in their moral evaluations and principles.
Relativistic theories represent more radical positions that argue that there are no universal or absolute moral principles. To realize this critical purpose, ethics whether metaethics or normative ethics relies upon logical analysis and argumentation.
What distinguishes logical arguments, in general, and ethical arguments, in particular, is that in addition to definitions and factual statements some premises, as well as the conclusion, in an ethical argument will represent normative claims.
Normative claims then include: While the differences between definitions and either normative statements and factual statements are obvious, the difference between normative statements and factual statements is perhaps more problematic. To illustrate the difference consider the statements: The Parthenon is in Athens.
Spousal abuse is immoral. Statement 2 is a normative statement that claims that a certain behavior is immoral. Were this all that 2 alleges, the claim that there are dramatic differences between 1 and 2 might seem questionable.
What distinguishes 2 is what it implies, i. Thus 1 describes what is the case and 2 prescribes what ought to be case. The difference ought to be quite obvious, normative statements express value or evaluative judgments, i.
There are no analogous judgments in factual statements. Since there other values than ethical values, there can also be normative statements other than ethical normative statements. The value judgment here though is aesthetic, rather than moral.
What distinguishes non-ethical and ethical normative statements then, is that in ethical normative statements the value judgments concern moral behavior. To be more precise, most moral arguments will have this general structure: Factual claim sDefinitions.
The difference between a general moral principle and a particular moral judgment is their relative scope. As the name suggests a general moral principle is applicable in most perhaps all moral situations, while a particular moral judgment applies to the specific circumstances that are in question in the argument.
To illustrate this structure then consider the argument: It is immoral to act with the direct intention to kill an innocent human being. Active euthanasia involves the direct intention to kill an innocent human being.By ethics we mean certain standards of conduct that shows how one should behave and fulfill the duties and responsibilities Professional Values and Ethics: Professional values and ethics refer to set of standards of conduct that supports the prestige of various professions that exist in the society.
Importance of value is non merely for persons but organisations besides emphasize greatly on its nucleus values and even their vision is consistent with the values of the organisation.
All the determinations about right and incorrect are based on the values that an person or organisation has. Analysis of Personal and Organizational Ethics and Values between Apple Inc. vs. Red Cross [Author] [Institution] Introduction Every organization has a diverse set of cultures in which they perform their operations, progression and networking.
Analysis Of Ethics In The Workplace. Length: words ( double-spaced pages) Rating: Excellent. A company's ethical guidelines will vary with the values and culture of each individual organization, and emphasize those values and behaviors that are most critical to the organization.
Values and the Scientific Culture of Behavior Analysis ( Units - ETHICS) ABSTRACT: As scientists and practitioners, behavior analysts must make frequent decisions that affect many lives. Scientific principles have been our guide as we work to promote effective action across a broad spectrum of cultural practices.
Analysis of Personal and Organizational Ethics and Values between For-Profit and Not-for-Profit Organizations PHI – Personal & Organizational Ethics Prof. Robert Lindquist (BIJA) 10/29/13 thru 12/2/13 David W. Barnes 1 Dec Intel had many ethical dilemmas just like any other company has had though out the life time of the business.