How to write a systematic review pdf

Results Conclusion The first step is to formulate a research question. This stage forms part of a larger stage of devising the research protocol.

How to write a systematic review pdf

A young researcher's guide to a systematic review Series: Part04 - Types of articles: A guide for young researchers Key takeaways: A systematic review is a thorough and detailed review of existing literature on a particular topic, designed to address a specific question.

Systematic reviews are especially important in evidence-based medicine. A good systematic review begins with a protocol that defines the study design, objectives, and expected outcomes; follows the PRISMA guidelines, and should be registered in a recognized protocol registry.

Apr 29, k views What is a systematic review? A systematic review is a highly rigorous review of existing literature that addresses a clearly formulated question. The review systematically searches, identifies, selects, appraises, and synthesizes research evidence relevant to the question using methodology that is explicit, reproducible, and leads to minimum bias.

Systematic reviews are regarded as the best source of research evidence. Systematic reviews are absolutely crucial in the field of evidence-based medicine, but are also highly valued in other fields. A systematic review is more exhaustive than a literature review as it includes both published and unpublished literature, often called grey literature.

Grey literature is a significant part of a systematic review and adds value to the review.

how to write a systematic review pdf

This is because grey literature is often more current than published literature and is likely to have less publication bias. Grey literature includes unpublished studies, reports, dissertations, conference papers and abstracts, governmental research, and ongoing clinical trials.

Conducting a systematic review is a complex process. This article aims to guide you on the different kinds of systematic review, the standard procedures to be followed, and the best approach to conducting and writing a systematic review. Types of systematic reviews Qualitative: In this type of systematic review, the results of relevant studies are summarized but not statistically combined.

how to write a systematic review pdf

This type of systematic review uses statistical methods to combine the results of two or more studies. A meta-analysis uses statistical methods to integrate estimates of effect from relevant studies that are independent but similar and summarize them.

Writing a protocol Any good systematic review begins with a protocol. According to the National Institutes of Health NIHa protocol serves as a road-map for your review and specifies the objectives, methods, and outcomes of primary interest of the systematic review.

The purpose of having a protocol is to promote transparency of methods. A protocol defines the search terms, inclusion and exclusion criteria, data that will be analyzed, etc.

Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions | Cochrane Training

The protocol needs to be submitted to the journal along with your manuscript. Most journals expect authors of systematic reviews to use the PRISMA statement or similar other guidelines to write their protocol.

A protocol ideally includes the following: Databases to be searched and additional sources particularly for grey literature Keywords to be used in the search strategy Limits applied to the search.

Screening process Summary of data to be reported Registering systematic review protocols: Once you have written your protocol, it is advisable to register it. Registering your protocol is a good way to announce that you are working on a review, so that others do not start working on it.

The available protocol registries for systematic reviews are: Specific to systematic reviews of social interventions Cochrane Collaboration: An open registry for all systematic reviews The registries also provide a searchable database of registered reviews.

Before starting a systematic review, you should search these databases for any registered reviews on the topic of your choice. This will ensure that you are not duplicating efforts.

What is the best approach to conducting a systematic review? The essence of a systematic review lies in being systematic. A systematic review involves detailed scrutiny and analysis of a huge mass of literature.

To ensure that your work is efficient and effective, you should follow a clear process:To that end, if studies are dissimilar, precluding a fects The aims of a systematic review can be varied and metaanalysis, a descriptive summary of the studies in a include: (1) clarifying the relative strengths and weak- systematic review should be performed.

Guidelines for writing a Review Article A) Good to know about review articles B) Elements of a review article • Systematic review Introduction) drives the article and not the literature used; write an idea-driven, rather than .

JBI – Guidelines for Systematic Review Report Writing This document is intended to provide authors with a template with which to write a JBI systematic review report.

Each section corresponds to headings in the JBI systematic review and includes a short instruction about the section.

How to Write a Systematic Review | Robert Siston -

In some cases an example is additionally provided. HOW TO WRITE A REVIEW ARTICLE FOR PUBLICATION Dr Diana Dorstyn Dr Rachel Roberts. AIM Clarify the different types of review: strengths and weaknesses Clarify how these reviews fit with APAC Accreditation A systematic review (including a scoping review) would meet the last criteria.

A systematic review is a highly rigorous review of existing literature that addresses a clearly formulated question. This article discusses the types of systematic review, systematic review protocol and its registration, and the best approach to conducting and writing a systematic review.

A systematic review answers a defined research question by collecting and summarising all empirical evidence that fits pre-specified eligibility criteria. A meta-analysis is the use of statistical methods to summarise the results of these studies.

Systematic reviews and meta-analyses: a step-by-step guide |