Organizational chart departmentalization

A proper chain of command ensures that every task, job position and department has one person assuming responsibility for performance. Command Chain Formation The command chain doesn't happen accidentally. Organizational designers lay it out as the last step in creating an organizational structure. Designers next determine the tasks needed to reach the goals.

Organizational chart departmentalization

Decentralized Organizational Structure Departmentalization is an aspect of organizational design where a business divides its staff into smaller units based on tasks within the company. Most companies, including restaurants, are likely to use two or more types of departmentalization at the same time.

Restaurants are often organized around the types of food served, the tasks handled by the staff and the chain of command in the company.

Other departments may be developed if there are a add-on services such as banquet facilities and catering or if there are several stores within a geographic region.

Regional Groupings Regional grouping is likely to be used in a restaurant chain where more than one branch of the same chain exists in a region, city or county. Each area supervisor is responsible for the performance of a group of stores within a specific geographical area.

Staff Functions Functional departmentalization in a restaurant allows the separation of sales and marketing tasks from those jobs connected with operations.

Sales would fall under the role of a server assisting customers and helping them select an enjoyable meal while operations in a restaurant centers on the preparation of food. Products Offered Departmentalization according to product type could work in various way depending on the size of the restaurant.

Six Key Elements in Organizational Design

Activities and costs related to food preparation and service might be separated from those that related to the preparation and serving of drinks. In large restaurants, the kitchen may be divided into preparation sections such as salads, grilling station, side dishes and desserts.

In this type of departmentalization, the bar becomes a separate department from the dining area or kitchen, a logical method of categorization in this industry. Chain of Command Chain of command departmentalization works when the restaurant is large enough to require more than one management division.

Administrative Behavior, 4th Edition: A Study of Decision-making Processes in Administrative Organisations - Kindle edition by Herbert A. Simon. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Administrative Behavior, 4th Edition: A Study of Decision-making Processes in Administrative . LA Gear is an example of company that uses product departmentalization. Its structure is based on its varied product lines which include women’s footwear etc. On the other hand, the problem of aligning individual and organizational goals remains. In addition, in this case, we would also need to consider departmental goals. Managing people effectively in extension programmes is a skill that requires constant planning and development. An extension programme manager can be defined as the person who is vested with formal authority over an organization or one of its sub units.

For example, roles may be divided into front of house and back of house. The manager who oversees servers, food runners, bartenders and hostesses will be in charge of the front of the house. The back of house manager will oversee workers such as chefs, cooks, and dishwashers.

In some instances there may also be a General Manager or Owner who will oversee the entire operation and staff. Types of Customers Customer departmentalization works by dividing the organization around the different types of customers. In a restaurant environment, this could take the form of individual customers versus catering for corporate clients and hosting group events.

One group of staff may handle the day-to-day operations of the restaurant, while a separate group manages the catering arm of the company, whether on the premises or outside. Departmentalization like this would effectively also be functional and possibly chain-of-command departmentalization at the same time.

Organizational chart departmentalization

Combined Departmentalization Depending on the size of a restaurant, it may use two or more types of departmentalization. A chain may split its operation along the lines of both product and chain of command by having a food department and a beverage department, with food reporting to the chef while beverage reports to the licensee.

A smaller restaurant may use functional departmentalization, such as kitchen operations versus customer service, and combine this with process departmentalization. This would result in the kitchen staff, already defined by function, being further divided into segments.

Some kitchen staff would focus on actual cooking and food preparation while others would assist with more service related tasks like dressing salads and plating desserts for delivery to guests.In this lesson you will learn the definition of organizational structure and how the structure of an organization can influence the attitudes and behaviors of organizational members.

KEYS TO ERECTING AN EFFECTIVE ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

A functional organizational structure organizes the chain of authority by occupational function. For example, the administrative functions may be grouped together, delineating them from other functions such as sales and production.

Managing people effectively in extension programmes is a skill that requires constant planning and development. An extension programme manager can be defined as the person who is vested with formal authority over an organization or one of its sub units.

Chapter ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURES: CONCEPTS AND F0RMATS Departmentalization can also take place by process. This type of departmentalization, which often exists Figure 11 -8 is an organizational chart showin g the use of several forms of departmentalization.

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Section 5: QUALCOMM's Organizational Structure: Section 6: Evaluate and Analyze QUALCOMM's Organizational Structure and Design The main idea of this organizational design is that an entire job is not done by one individual.

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It is broken down into steps, and a different person completes each step. II. Departmentalization It is .

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